Economic Snapshot for the Nordic Economies
August 30, 2017
Denmark: Following the jump in the previous month, the consumer confidence index released by Statistics Denmark came in at 7.6 points in August, which is significantly below the prior month’s 11.5 points. Despite the deterioration in consumer confidence, August’s reading is still the second highest so far this year.
Finland: In June, economic activity in Finland contracted a working-day adjusted 0.5% over the same month last year, contrasting May’s 2.8% increase as per the Monthly Trend Indicator of Output released by Statistics Finland. The result was driven by a contraction in the services sector, which was enough to offset solid gains in the agricultural and manufacturing sectors.
Norway: Political debate is heating up ahead of the 11 September parliamentary election, as the main political parties unveil their tax policies and the gap between Jonas Gahr Støre’s Labour Party and the ruling Conservative party narrows. Prime Minister Erna Solberg is benefiting from the strong economic recovery after the period of dismal economic performance in 2014–2016 that followed a plunge in oil prices. The most recent surveys signal that the Conservatives and their center-right allies are now slightly ahead of the center-left coalition. While uncertainty about the outcome of the presidential election, especially regarding the direction of the new tax system, has the potential to present downside risks to the country’s economic outlook, the elections should not bring a sharp reversal to Norway’s economy, as the main parties all recognize the importance of the oil sector and support more moderate withdrawals from the intergenerational fund. Along with oil and gas exploration, the key themes of the September election are tax reform and oil wealth spending.
Sweden: Following the slowdown in growth that kicked off the year, the Swedish economy accelerated in the second quarter of the year to register the fastest pace of growth since the fourth quarter of 2011. The acceleration was primarily caused by a pickup in fixed investment and private consumption. A quarter-on-quarter comparison showed that the economy grew a seasonally-adjusted 1.7%, above Q1’s 0.6% increase. The quarterly reading overshot market expectations of 1.0% growth. A year-on-year comparison revealed that the economy grew a staggering 3.9% (Q1: +2.4% year-on-year).
Iceland: The economy is poised to grow robustly this year on the back of the tourism sector, private consumption and fixed investment. However, it isn’t all smooth sailing: Fears over tourism are surfacing, and the fishing industry’s output has lagged due to strikes and the strength of the krona. Tourism, the biggest industry, is affecting housing and rental prices, and the overall cost of living, as prices for staple goods rise due to significantly increased demand. Moreover, the IMF commented in a recent staff visit that, although the economy is on a firmer footing, risks of overheating are a clear concern, and the Central Bank governor stated that the pace of growth has become slightly worrisome. While the strong krona hurts fisheries, it also makes tourism pricier for foreign visitors which should lead to lower prices by reducing demand.
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Nordic Economies Economic News
September 28, 2017
For the second consecutive month, Danish manufacturers’ confidence came in at the neutral zero-point mark in September, according to the Business Survey released by Denmark Statistics (DST).
September 21, 2017
The consumer confidence index released by Statistics Denmark recorded a second consecutive monthly decline in September, coming at 7.3 points and down from 7.6 points in August.
September 21, 2017
On 21 September, Norges Bank’s Executive Board kept the key policy rate unchanged at its all-time low of 0.50%, where it has been for more than a year.
September 15, 2017
Finland’s current account swung up to a EUR 0.16 billion surplus in July, an improvement from the EUR 0.42 billion deficit recorded in June.
September 15, 2017
In July, economic activity expanded by a working-day adjusted 3.1% over the previous year—down slightly from June’s 3.3% rise—according to the latest monthly Trend Indicator of Output released by Statistics Finland.