Investment (annual variation in %)

Investment (annual variation in %)

Investment typically refers to gross fixed investment or, more precisely, gross fixed capital formation (GFCF). Gross fixed capital formation is a macroeconomic aggregate used in national accounting that measures the value of acquisitions of new or existing fixed assets with a life span of more than one year by the business sector (national accounting generally considers personal spending and most government spending as consumption).

Gross fixed capital formation includes spending on factories, machinery, equipment, buildings (including private residential dwellings) and infrastructure. Investment is called “gross” because it does not consider the consumption of fixed assets (depreciation); the term “fixed” is used because inventories (stocks) are not included; and the term “capital formation” is used because financial investments are not included.

The investment component of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is much more cyclical than consumption. When businesses expect economic growth to be strong, they are more likely to invest. The level of capacity utilization and interest rates also determine investment decisions.

The table below shows the percent changes in gross fixed investment for the last five years.

Looking for forecasts? Met the why particular Consensus Forecasts cover approx. 30 macro-economic indicators per country for a 5-year forecast period and quarterly forecasts for the most important economic variables. Get Details.

Investment Data

20122013201420152016
Albania-7.9-2.1-3.911.37.7
Algeria-  -  -  5.9-  
Angola7.21.63.5-1.9-  
Argentina-7.12.3-6.83.8-5.1
Armenia-1.9-7.0-2.22.5-11.2
Australia9.1-1.6-1.6-3.0-2.6
Austria1.42.2-0.90.73.4
Bahrain9.816.95.9-12.1-  
Belarus-11.39.6-5.3-15.9-16.7
Belgium0.2-1.55.12.51.9
Bolivia2.511.79.95.0-  
Bosnia and Herzegovina6.3-2.411.1-4.1-  
Brazil0.85.8-4.2-13.9-11.2
Bulgaria1.80.33.42.7-4.0
Canada3.70.30.2-3.4-2.5
Chile11.62.2-4.8-0.8-0.8
China20.619.615.711.08.1
Colombia4.76.89.81.9-3.6
Costa Rica11.4-1.12.98.9-1.5
Croatia-3.31.4-2.83.85.1
Cyprus-20.5-12.9-17.512.026.0
Czech Republic-2.9-2.54.011.4-2.5
Denmark3.72.73.52.55.6
Dominican Republic0.1-0.311.520.811.1
Ecuador11.611.43.8-5.9-8.0
Egypt-  -  -  -  -  
El Salvador-1.49.3-6.48.1-0.1
Estonia12.8-2.9-8.1-3.4-2.8
Eurozone-3.3-2.51.53.23.7
Finland-1.9-4.9-2.61.15.2
France0.4-0.7-0.40.92.7
Germany-0.7-1.13.41.72.2
Ghana50.37.52.86.6-12.0
Greece-23.5-8.4-4.6-0.20.1
Guatemala3.61.54.45.92.3
Haiti6.26.13.83.61.1
Honduras3.7-1.9-1.423.5-5.3
Hong Kong6.82.6-0.1-3.2-0.3
Hungary-3.09.89.91.9-15.5
Iceland5.32.216.017.822.7
India4.81.84.16.62.4
Indonesia9.15.04.45.04.5
Iraq-  -  -  -  -  
Ireland11.7-5.418.227.961.2
Israel3.54.50.00.111.3
Italy-9.4-6.6-2.21.43.1
Jamaica-5.05.53.0-5.9-  
Japan3.55.02.70.11.0
Kazakhstan9.14.94.44.23.0
Kenya12.71.214.86.7-9.3
Korea-0.53.33.45.15.2
Kosovo-9.43.1-2.713.4-  
Kuwait5.18.94.513.0-  
Latvia14.4-6.00.1-1.8-11.7
Lithuania-1.88.33.74.7-0.5
Luxembourg6.6-2.16.0-0.90.2
Macedonia11.20.513.13.6-4.3
Malaysia19.08.14.83.62.7
Malta1.4-1.78.849.2-0.6
Mexico4.8-1.63.04.30.1
Morocco3.6-0.5-2.11.53.9
Mozambique-  -  -  -  -  
Netherlands-6.3-4.32.311.05.3
New Zealand6.08.08.42.25.5
Nicaragua-0.10.3-0.822.34.9
Nigeria2.84.213.4-1.3-  
Norway7.66.3-0.7-3.80.3
Oman26.26.10.82.5-  
Panama20.820.49.83.6-  
Paraguay-7.711.98.82.06.5
Peru16.37.7-2.5-5.0-5.0
Philippines11.811.87.216.925.2
Poland-1.8-1.111.06.1-7.9
Portugal-16.6-5.12.34.50.1
Qatar-1.96.411.31.3-  
Romania0.6-6.83.87.2-2.2
Russia6.00.9-0.4-9.9-1.8
Saudi Arabia5.05.67.53.6-15.9
Serbia13.2-12.0-3.65.64.9
Singapore8.25.7-1.11.1-2.5
Slovakia-9.0-0.91.216.9-9.3
Slovenia-8.83.21.41.0-3.1
South Africa2.67.21.72.3-3.9
Spain-8.6-3.43.86.03.1
Sweden-0.20.65.57.05.3
Switzerland2.91.22.81.52.4
Taiwan-2.65.32.11.62.5
Tajikistan-  -  -  -  -  
Tanzania1.04.47.011.5-  
Thailand11.7-1.0-2.24.42.8
Trinidad and Tobago3.74.52.0-1.4-  
Tunisia6.10.2-2.6-0.5-  
Turkey2.713.85.19.23.0
USA9.85.05.54.00.7
Ukraine5.0-8.4-24.0-9.220.1
United Arab Emirates13.211.58.34.32.3
United Kingdom2.33.26.73.40.5
Uruguay18.23.82.4-9.20.9
Uzbekistan26.26.93.56.8-  
Venezuela23.3-9.0-16.9-17.6-  
Vietnam1.95.39.39.4-  

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