GDP in China
China - GDP (billions of U.S. Dollars)
Economic growth slides in Q2 on financial deleveraging and amid escalating trade disputes
Growth in China lost some steam in Q2, reflecting aggressive financial deleveraging and authorities’ efforts to crack down on shadow banking. While the deceleration came against the context of an escalating trade war with the United States, the actual impact of the dispute will only be seen in H2. GDP expanded 6.7% in annual terms in Q2, a notch below the 6.8% rise recorded in the previous three quarters. Nevertheless, the reading was in line with what market analysts had expected and above the government’s target of 6.5% economic growth for 2018. Sequential data shows that GDP in Q2 adjusted for seasonal factors increased 1.8%, up from the 1.4% expansion recorded in Q1.
Although the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) does not provide a breakdown of GDP by expenditure, additional data suggests that a moderation in investment growth led the overall slowdown. Tighter credit conditions for local government financing prompted infrastructure investment to record a poor quarter. On the flipside, manufacturing investment accelerated in the quarter, likely reflecting solid company profits and a shift towards higher value-added sectors related to the “Made in China 2025” initiative. Indicators signal that household spending was buoyant in Q2 despite a slowdown in retail sales growth, with consumer confidence hovering at historically high levels in the period. The external sector appears to have detracted from overall growth on the back of slowing export growth and a still-solid expansion in imports. While shipments accelerated in June, the uptick is expected to be short-lived as it mostly reflected front-loaded exports ahead of upcoming tariff increases.
Q2 data reveals that the main headwinds for the Chinese economy are still coming from inside the country. China’s elevated debt prompted Chinese authorities to unveil a series of measures, including tighter regulation and higher borrowing costs, that are finally jeopardizing economic growth. Moreover, the housing market is slowly cooling following the government’s attempt to tame booming prices, especially in tier-one cities. The ongoing trade war with the United States is expected to also weigh on growth in H2 following the tariffs the U.S. imposed on USD 34 billion in Chinese imports on 6 July. While China retaliated immediately to the punitive measures, the U.S. decision to put under review an additional USD 200 billion in Chinese goods and President Trump’s threat to increase it to USD 500 billion will certainly hit business sentiment further down the road. If these new tariffs are effectively enforced, they could shave around one full percentage point to China’s growth in the coming 12 months.
China GDP Forecast
Met the why particular Consensus Forecast panelists expect GDP to expand 6.5% in 2018, which is unchanged from last month’s estimate. In 2019, the panel foresees economic growth of 6.3%.
China - GDP (USD bn) Data
|GDP (USD bn)||9,694||11,480||11,925||11,204||12,241|
5 years of economic forecasts for more than 30 economic indicators.
|Bond Yield||3.58||-0.11 %||Oct 18|
|Exchange Rate||6.94||-0.19 %||Oct 18|
|Stock Market||2,486||-0.34 %||Oct 18|
Get a sample report showing all the data and analysis covered in our Regional, Country and Commodities reports.
Start Your Free Trial
Start working with the reports used by the world’s major financial institutions, multinational enterprises & government agencies now. Click on the button below to get started.
October 19, 2018
Industrial production expanded 5.8% annually in September, down from 6.1% in August and missing market expectations of 6.0%. September’s print mainly reflected a slowdown in manufacturing output, while the electricity generation and mining sectors recorded steeper growth than in August. On a month-on-month basis, industrial production increased 0.50% in seasonally-adjusted terms in September, down from August’s 0.53% expansion.
China: Investment growth turns around in September; a slight reprieve following a six-month slowdown
October 19, 2018
Urban fixed asset investment in China expanded 5.4% annually in the first nine months of the year, up marginally from the 5.3% increase in the first eight months of the year, which had been the weakest print since the early 1990s.
October 17, 2018
In September, Chinese banks distributed CNY 1.38 trillion (USD 199 billion) in new yuan loans, up from the CNY 1.28 trillion distributed in August and slightly above market expectations of CNY 1.35 trillion.
October 16, 2018
Consumer prices rose 0.7% from the previous month in September, matching August’s result.
October 12, 2018
Export growth accelerated from 9.8% in August to 14.5% in September.