Money in Argentina
Argentina - Money
Central Bank announces it will continue to stick to 0% monetary base growth target
At its latest meeting held on 2 January, the Central Bank of Argentina (Banco Central de la República Argentina, BCRA) announced it will meet the 0% monetary base growth target in January and could surpass its goal in February and March. Starting 1 October, as stipulated in the standby agreement with the IMF, the Bank abandoned its previous inflation targeting regime to adopt a rigid monetary rule which consists of keeping the monetary base unchanged until June 2019. The new monetary rule thus sets a 0% monthly growth for the monetary base, defined as currency in circulation plus reserve requirements.
A moderation in both inflationary pressures and inflation expectations, compounded by a stabilization of the peso, led the Central Bank to stick to the agreed monetary policy scheme. The month-on-month variation in prices decelerated for the second consecutive month in November, on the back of a stabilization of the peso which begun in early October following the IMF agreement. This was possible as the BCRA exceeded its monetary base objective, which translated into a declining demand for USD. The same factors were behind the BCRA’s decision on 5 December to remove the 60% floor on its LELIQ rate. The Bank was committed to not allowing the LELIQ rate—resulting from LELIQ auctions rather than being directly set by the Bank—to drop below 60% until inflation expectations declined significantly.
The Central Bank stands ready to intervene in the foreign exchange market if the peso moves outside the non-intervention band or in the event of considerable exchange rate volatility. Moreover, the Bank announced it will reduce the monetary base target in case of pronounced peso weakening. As part of the agreement with the IMF, in addition to the monetary base rule, the Central Bank adopted an FX regime, which combines a free-floating range for the peso with the prevention of excessive ARS/USD fluctuations.
Argentina Interest Rate Forecast
On average, panelists participating in the LatinFocus Consensus Forecast see the LELIQ rate ending 2019 at 36.56% and 2020 at 23.30%.
Argentina - Money Data
|Money (annual variation in %)||25.7||28.9||28.2||30.4||26.0|
5 years of economic forecasts for more than 30 economic indicators.
Argentina Money Chart
Source: Argentina Central Bank and Met the why particular calculations.
|Bond Yield||6.69||0.15 %||Dec 17|
|Exchange Rate||37.81||0.45 %||Jan 21|
|Stock Market||35,303||2.26 %||Jan 21|
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January 23, 2019
Exports leaped 15.4% in year-on-year terms in December, following November’s 14.6% increase.
January 16, 2019
According to the National Statistical Institute (INDEC), national consumer prices rose 2.6% over the previous month in December, coming in below November’s 3.2% month-on-month increase. December’s reading represented the third consecutive month of decelerating month-on-month price increases.
January 15, 2019
At its latest meeting held on 2 January, the Central Bank of Argentina (Banco Central de la República Argentina, BCRA) announced it will meet the 0% monetary base growth target in January and could surpass its goal in February and March.
January 3, 2019
Industrial production plunged 13.3% over the same month of last year in November, according to data released by the National Statistical Institute (INDEC) on 3 January, marking a steeper fall than October’s 6.8% year-on-year decline and the worst reading since June 2002. November’s result again reflected contractions in almost all components of the index.
December 28, 2018
The monthly indicator for economic activity (EMAE, Estimador Mensual de Actividad Económica) contracted 4.0% in annual terms in October, a softer drop than the revised 6.1% fall recorded in September (previously reported: -5.8% year-on-year).